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GICUMBI DISTRICT DESCRIPTION

Umuyobozi w'Akarere ka Gicumbi Bwana MVUYEKURE Alexandre

GICUMBI DISTRICT

 Gicumbi District is one of 30 districts of Rwanda. Rwanda is a country located in Central Africa. It is bordered by Uganda to the north, Tanzania to the East, Burundi to the South and the Democratic Republic of Congo to the West.

Gicumbi District is governed by Organic Law No. 29/2005 of 31/12/2005 determining the administrative entities of the Republic of Rwanda especially in Annex II.2.2.3 characterizing the administrative boundaries of districts.

0.

0.3. Objectives of the District

 Objectives of Gicumbi District  can be summarized as follows:
- Coordinate and assist the basic entities, including sectors to offer quality services and good   

         Customer care and service delivery

- Plan, coordinate and implement development programs
- Promote cooperation and exchange with other District

 

GICUMBI DISTRICT KEY PRIORITIES

1. WATER AND SANITATION

2. ROADS CONSTRUCTION AND MAINTENANCE

3. ENERGY

4. AGRICULTURE AND LIVESTOCK

5. ICT

 

A.    LOCATION

{Gicumbi map{}
It is one of  the five districts which compose the Northern Province

 

Gicumbi District is bounded:


• North: from West to East, Gicumbi District is bounded respectively by Burera District, the  Ugandan border   and Nyagatare District in Eastern Province.
• In the East: From North to South, Gicumbi District is limited by Districts of Nyagatare, Gatsibo and Rwamagana.
• In the South: from East to West, Gicumbi District is bordered with Rwamagana and Gasabo Districts and is separated by Lake Muhazi.
• To the west: from South to North the District is separated to Gasabo by lake Muhazi and touches on Rulindo District and  Burera.
The geographical coordinates are 1 ° 10 'and 10 ° 47' East latitude and 29 ° and 54 ° 30 35 ' in South Longitude.

 

A.    PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION

1.     The relief

Adequate Map

Gicumbi is characterized by a relief with steep slopes and a mountainous topography character. the pateau is surround by steep ravines with small valleys segmented by multiple swamps.It is a succession of steep hills giving rise to a multitude of watersheds all converging towards the Great Basin of the Nile.

Category slope

value of the slope in%

Approximate Area in km2

% of the total Area

Flat

0-2

40

4.8

Flat

2-13

5

0.6

Steep

13-25

35

4.2

Hilly

25-55

748

90.4

Very high slope

55-70

0

0

Steep slope

> 70

0

0

Total District

 

828

100.0

 

The district is located in the highlands area of Buberuka with a succession of steep hills, rugged mountains and sometimes separated by deep and narrow valleys and high altitude varying between 1800 m and 2500 m

2.     Soils

The district of Gicumbi is in the mountains characterized by lateritic soils and granites. The soils in quartz are also available on a lot of massifs. The swamps and the shallows are characterized by rich and deep clayey soils. The erosion resulting on heavy rain during the long rain season was developed on high slopes before radical terracing and environment protection in general. Regarding the morphology, swamps and shallows are characterized by clayey soils rich in silts and covered in some places by the alluviums and colluviums. Agriculture is favored by the presence of the humid soils.

 

 

Gicumbi District has a tropical climate with a rainfall ranging in 1200mm to 1500mm.

The District of Gicumbi has four seasonal climates: 2 rainy seasons and 2 dry seasons. Ordinary the minor rainy season begins in September to December and the short dry season extends from January to February while the long rainy season extends from March to May when the long dry season begins June to August.  But nowadays, the climate changes catastrophically and seasons has become irregular due to current climate change.

II. 1. Climate information from stations

Station Name

District

Altitude

No. years of observation

Rain mm / / year

Number of rainy days

average temperature ° C

Byumba

Gicumbi

2.235

64

1.291

147

17

Masogwe

Gicumbi

2.200

3

1.366

‘’

‘’

Mulindi

Gicumbi

2.100

3

1.237

‘’

‘’

 

II. 2. Climate information from Gicumbi town station

Month

 

Rainfall

Rainfall

 

Temperature

Temperature

 

2003

2004

2005

2003

2004

2006

JANUARY

78,4

85,2

87,7

18.0

18.1

18.0

FEBRUARY

44,7

110.8

66.5

18.9

18.0

18.9

MARCH

92.1

144.3

250.9

18.4

18.4

18.2

APRIL

153.6

194.3

176.3

17.7

17.5

18.4

MAY

100.8

876

88.4

16.8

17.7

19.6

JUNE

0.0

0.0

34.3

16.9

17.4

19.6

JULY

0.0

0.0

0.0

17.3

18.4

19.8

AUGUST

105.4

27.8

101.0

18.1

18.9

18.5

SEPTEMBER

182.4

63.5

154.2

17.6

18.2

18.5

OCTOBER

145.1

178.3

103.2

18.1

17.9

17.9

NOVEMBER

108.2

116.6

40.3

17.4

17.7

17.9

DECEMBER

36.5

108.9

27.4

17.8

18.2

18.4

TOTAL

1.047.2

1.116.4

1.130.2

-

-

-

AVERAGE

 

1094 ,6

 

17.7

18.0

18.5

PERIOD

HUMIDITY

PERCENTAGE

GAP

DAY

DAY

75%

10%

 

EVENING

85%

 

SEASON

RAIN

95%

30%

 

DRY

65%

 

 

III. 4 CLIMATIC REGIONS

AREAS AGRO CLIMATIC

SOIL

AREA GIS

PROPORTION IN %

Highlands of BUBERUKA

clay

Sand, clay

536

65

East Plateau

Clay, silty   laterites

96

11

Central Plateau

Organic

196

24

Total District

 

828

100

 

3.     The hydrology

The hydrographic network consists of very many rivers which most torrential character, sometimes cut by Rapids or falls likely to produce electrical energy. These rivers or streams lie in the plains of floods swamp namely Mwange, Mulindi, Mutulirwa, Walufu, Muyanza and Gaseke. Some of them have a permanent flow that would allow irrigation once wetlands developed and mastered the flow. Hydrography of the District is also characterized by the wetlands of Rugezi and Lake Muhazi whose waters are respectively shared with the Burera District in the North and Rwamagana region East et du Gasabo District in the city of Kigali. 

VI. FLORA AND FAUNA

 

The fauna and flora of the District have virtually disappeared with the uncontrolled destruction of their natural habitat by very dense human occupation. As wild animals, it found that of jackals and hares, he is also reptiles, and birds such as swallows, crowned cranes, Ravens, pigeons etc. On hills can be seen from afforestation created by man that is eucalyptus, pinus, grivelleras.... Sporadically some agro - forest trees are scattered here and in the fields there. The rest is often occupied by non-productive banana plantations and agricultural plantations variable according to the seasons. A tea plantation occupies the Valley of Muturirwa and Mulindi, while sugar cane is abundant from Gaseke and a few papyrus are on the shores of Lake Muhazi

 

POPULATION

 

AREA

DENSITY

MEN

WOMENS

TOTAL

 

 

172.144

19O.187

362.331

867 KM2

418HAB/KM2

 

VIII. ADMINISTRATIVE STRUCTURE

 

This administrative structure is the result of the second phase of administrative reform initiated by the Government of the national unity of Rwanda to the policy of decentralization and good governance. It is the well - being social and sustainable development of the population who is challenged to play a participatory role in the day-to-day management of the city. This policy is part of the broad guidelines for the development of the country Vision 2020, the objectives of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and the economic development and the strategy to combat poverty (EDPRS);.

 

It is support on the five pillars of the Vision 2020 and its four cross –cutting areas on the eight objectives defined by the General Assembly of the United Nations to be achieved by all countries by 2015 and finally on the basic principles and priorities of the economic development and poverty reduction strategy

DISTRICT GICUMBI

SECTORS

CELLS

VILLAGES

1

21

109

630

 

  ADMINISTRATIVE DISTRICT

SECTORS

NUMBER OF CELLS

NUMBER OF VILLAGES

NUMBER OF HOUSEHOLDS

1

BUKURE

4

23

2.328

2

BWISIGE

4

31

2.908

3

BYUMBA

9

51

5.667

4

CUMBA

6

27

2.967

5

GITI

3

16

2.083

6

KAGEYO

5

27

3.145

7

KANIGA

5

34

3.133

8

MANYAGIRO

6

36

4.240

9

MIYOVE

3

29

3270

10

MUKARANGE

6

34

3.436

11

MUKO

5

26

3.224

12

MUTETE

5

37

4.175

13

NYAMIYAGA

7

27

3.693

14

NYANKENKE

7

36

3.986

15

RUBAYA

5

18

2.312

16

RUKOMO

6

39

4.408

17

RUTARE

3

24

2.644

18

RUSHAKI

6

30

3.688

19

RUVUNE

6

33

3.577

20

RWAMIKO

3

19

2.262

21

SHANGASHA

5

27

3.235

TOTAL

21

109

630

70.381

 

X

 

 

The organizational structure of the District is designed as follows

UNITE ADMINITSRATIVE

TOTAL PREVU

EFFECTIF

NIVEAU DE FORMATION

 

 

 

 

<A2

A2

A1 ,LIC2 ,MEMORANT

A0 et plus

1

DISTRICT

45

36

1

3

11

21

2

SECTEUR

189

105

-

21

57

27

3

CELLULE

109

109

-

109

-

-

 

TOTAL

347

250

1

133

68

58

III 11 NIVEAU DE QUALIFICATION DU PERSONNEL DANS L’ENSEIGNEMENT

NIVEAU DE FORMATION

EFFECTIF

EAP,EMA,,EMM,EMP,ENP,ENTA

24

D3,D4,D5,A3 non pédagogique

164

D6,D7, autres

1.100

TOTAL

1.288

III 11 NIVEAU DE QUALIFICATION DUPERSONNEL DANS L’ENSEIGNEMENT

DOMAINE

DR

ING LIC

A1,Bac ?Cand

A2,D6,D7

D4 ;D5

AUTRES

TOTAL

SCIENCES

0

14

16

62

1

1

94

LETTRES ,SCIENCES HUMAINES 

1

20

5O

92

1

0

164

SCIENCES DE L’EDUCATION

1

11

12

18

1

0

43

SCIENCES ECONONIQUES,JURIDIQUES

0

3

15

10

0

0

28

AGRONOMIE

O

7

1

6

0

0

14

VETERINAIRES

O

0

O

1

0

0

1

FORMATION MEDICALE

2

1

8

3

0

0

14

INDUSTRIE ,ARTISANAT

0

0

0

1

0

0

1

AUTRES

0

3

10

20

0

0

33

TOTAL

4

59

112

213

3

1

392

 

III .12  NIVEAU DE QUALIFICATION DU PERSONNEL MEDICALE DANS LES FORMATIONS SANITAIRES DU Distri

district

Formation med

NOMBRE

Auxilliaires

A3

A2

A1

AO

TOTAL/P

GICUMBI

HOPITAL

1

8

3

46

16

5

78

 

DISPENSAIRE

3

1

1

14

0

0

13

 

C.S.

14

11

4

40

0

0

55

 

TOTAL

28

20

8

100

16

5

138

 

 

 

III. 13 ADHESION AUX MUTUELLES DE SANTE ET A RA

NBRE SECTEUR

NBRE MUTUELLE

POP BENEFICIAIRE

TAUX D’ADHESION %

NBRE ADHERENTS RAMA

21

20

269.266

81,2

 

III . 14 INFRASTRUCTURES

III 14 . 1 BATIMENTS ADMINISTRATIFS

ENTITEADMIN

BON ETAT

AREABILITER

A CONSTRUIRE

TOTAL

TELEPHONE

EAU ET ELECTRICITE

OBS

DISTRICT GICUMBII

1

0

0

 

1

1

 

SECTEURS

8

9

5

21

1

1

 

CELLULLES

3

6

100

109

0

0

 

 

 

 

The Gicumbi Distict has urban zone and rural areas. The urban zone is Gicumbi town where is concentrated all infrastructures for commerce and other services such as public buildings, schools churches, modern market, hospital ,lodges and hotel URUMULI. In rural zone the settlement is ingoing in villages (Imidugudu) while before the habitat was sparsely populated scattered over the village and we found somehow trading centers.  

 

 

 

 

 

Location
gicumbi.png
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